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Pacific Arts
Melanesia gallery See nearby items (accurate to +/- 12 hrs)
Enga people Enga Province, Papua New Guinea
The Ambum stone [Pre-historic zoomorphic figure, the Ambum Stone; possibly representing the embryo of a long-beaked echidna] 3500 years ago Description: an image of a marsupial, not representing any one particular species
Place made: Ambum Valley Ambum Valley, Enga Province Western Highlands District Highlands, Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea New Guinea
Materials & Technique: sculptures, ritual objects, greywacke stone stone (a fine-grained crystalline rock, probably an altered andesitic lava or crystal tuff)
Dimensions: 20.0 h x 7.5 w x 14.0 d cm
Acknowledgement: Purchased 1977
Accession No: NGA 77.637


  • This exquisite and exceedingly rare sculpture, discovered in a cave in the early 1960s, was made more than 3500 years ago and is one of the earliest known Pacific works of art. Ancient stone mortars and pestles from Papua New Guinea are often fashioned into the forms of birds, humans and animals. However, the Ambum stone is on a higher sculptural level than other prehistoric pestles and has a greater level of figurative detail. When the process involved in producing the Ambum stone is taken into consideration it is all the more magnificent—working with the tough greywacke stone would have involved many weeks of laborious chipping and hammering at the surface with stone tools.

    Despite the various animalistic features such as the nose tip, which resembles that of a fruit bat, the Ambum stone may depict a juvenile long-beaked echidna (spiny anteater), an animal thought to have been revered for its useful fat deposits prior to the introduction of pigs.

    The significance and function of the Ambum stone remains obscure, as little is known about the people who produced this beautiful work. Such objects are understood to have supernatural powers and considered sacred by present-day people in the region.

    Text © National Gallery of Australia, Canberra 2014
    From: Collection highlights: National Gallery of Australia, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, 2014